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无锡暑期高中英语辅导班:英语中省略情况有哪些?

时间:2020-03-13 08:24:03 来源: 
原标题:无锡暑期高中英语辅导班:英语中省略情况有哪些? 文|冯氏英语 省略是为了避免重复、突出新信息而省略句中的一个或几个句子成分并使上下文紧密连接的一种语法修辞手法。在语言应用中,尤其在对话中,是一种十分普遍的现象。 那么,英

无锡暑期高中英语辅导班:英语中省略情况有哪些?

原标题:无锡暑期高中英语辅导班:英语中省略情况有哪些?

文|冯氏英语

省略是为了避免重复、突出新信息而省略句中的一个或几个句子成分并使上下文紧密连接的一种语法修辞手法。在语言应用中,尤其在对话中,是一种十分普遍的现象。

那么,英语中省略情况都有哪些呢?

一、连系动词的省略

1、在口语中,有时可省略句子的连系动词。如:

How you doing?

近况如何?

Everyone gone?

人都走了吗?

2、在比较结构中,than和as后的主语+系动词,常可省略。如:

Tom is taller than Mike.

His brother is as wise as he.

3、承前省略连系动词。如:

To know is one thing,and to teach quite another.

Our flat is on the first floor and theirs on the third.

4、在报纸标题中也通常省去连系动词。如:

Arrests up for Economic Crimes.

5、whatever与however引导的让步状语从句可省去连系动词。如:

I refuse,however favourable the conditions.

Whatever her faults,she's Tom's mother.

6、省去连系动词的用法还见于富有诗意的文体中。如:

She in tears.He gloomy and down-looking.

How quick,how easy,the transition from despair to rapture.

二、英语谓语的省略

1、在有些特殊语境中,有时可以省去句子的谓语。如:

Only one of us was injured,and he just slightly.

2、有时可省去谓语中的主要动词。如:

I pitied her sincerely,as I would a child of my own.

三、主语的省略

1、祈使句自然可省去主语。如:

Leave him alone.

Don't be careless.

2、除祈使句外,还有其他省去主语的情况。如:

Don't know.

Beg your pardon.

Had a good time,didn't you?

Looks like rain.

四、状语从句的省略

如:

While(he was)waiting,he saw Jim pass by.

Often she would weep when(she was)alone.

Send the goods if(they are)ready.

If(it is)true,this will cause us a lot of troible.

If(it is)possible,let me know beforehand.

He will come if(he is)asked.

Should it be necessary,I would go.

Had I time,I would come.

Had it not been for the bad weather,we would have arrived on time.

五、名词性从句

如:

She will go to Beijing,but I don't know when(she will go to Beijing).

The cup was broken by someone,but I wonder(the cup was broken)by whom.

I don't know when(to meet him)and where to meet him.

We require (that) he(should)tell us the truth.

It's necessary that she(should)learn English well.

六、定语从句的省略

如:

Do you remember the place(which/that)we visited last year?

I know the way(in which/that)work is measered.

七、并列句中的省略 如:

His mother is a doctor,and his father(is) a teacher.

八、与不定式相关的省略

如:

---Will you come to have supper with me?

---I'd love/like to(come to have supper with you).

I went teaching because I wanted to(go teaching).

The city now is much noisier than it used to be.

---It seems that he has known the fact.

---Yes,he seems to have.

What I did was(to) lay the table.

九、与特殊疑问句相关的省略

如:

---What do you guess?

---(I guess)Going fishing on Sunday.

What about taking a walk after supper?

How come they left you alone here?

What if it rains?

Why not try again?

十、与助动词相关的省略

如:

---Did he attend the meeting?

---No,but he should have.

十一、so,not常用来替代从句,形成一种特殊的省略结构

如:

---I hope he will win.

---I hope so.

---It will rain tomorrow.

---I believe not./I don't think so.

十二、与强调与有关的省略

如:

---Where did you find me?

---It was in the lab(that I found him).

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